A two-year-old baby with decayed teeth in a dentist’s office is no longer a rarity. If you look around, you will find 2-3 black teeth baby in your locality yourself. See, the time has changed. So as our food habit and life-style. Black teeth in children is a fairly common problem, which not only makes parents and children worry about their appearance, but can indicate various health problems of the child.
Reasons behind toddler black tooth
At first let’s look at the prime reasons why we are seeing black teeth baby so commonly around us:
- Black teeth can not only be the result of caries, which in the initial stages looks like a white speck, but in the later stages it becomes black. Caries most often affects the upper front teeth in children, usually in the order of their eruption. Unfortunately, very often children get an appointment with the dentist in advanced cases, when a hole is visible in the tooth.
- A dark spot can also be found under the filling in older children, which is a consequence of the spread of the carious process.
- Silver-plating of teeth, popular in Russia, can also lead to blackening of tooth enamel. This is the only “effect” of silvering. Parents, remember: this is an absolutely useless procedure, not a treatment, but just masking caries – because of black teeth it becomes difficult for you to determine the degree of damage. For black teeth, you simply do not notice caries.
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Are there congenital black spots on the teeth?
Often parents are concerned that “black spots” (in fact, they are brownish) appear on the enamel as soon as the first tooth of the baby has come out. This occurs on both milk and permanent teeth. This is enamel hypoplasia – a non-carious lesion. observed in the case of congenital lesions of the enamel of the teeth due to exposure to adverse factors during pregnancy or is hereditary.Hypoplasia requires observation and treatment by a dentist!
Can teeth be black due to poor oral care?
Plaque build-up on teeth is common. The upper layer of tooth enamel – pellicle – is a thin membrane that interacts with saliva and oral microflora. As a result of this interaction, a soft light plaque appears, which can be easily removed with regular thorough oral hygiene.
By the way, some food products (tea, coffee, various food colors, berries, fruit drinks) can stain teeth dark – as parents say, “black”. Such plaque is removed with a toothbrush or during a professional cleaning by a dentist.
It should be remembered: if you take a drug that contains iron, the enamel may temporarily stain. Taking iron supplements can lead to “black” teeth, not only in children, but also in adults.
Priestley’s raid – what is it? Is this also the cause of black teeth baby?
Yes, bacterial plaque (Priestley’s plaque) in children is also characterized by the appearance of dark, “black” specks. As a rule, it affects milk teeth, occasionally it can appear on permanent ones. The reason for this is a bacterium that secretes coloring pigment and gives the teeth a characteristic black tint.
It does not pose a danger to the teeth, but requires treatment – professional oral hygiene. At home, cleaning it will not work. Sometimes it may be necessary to regularly brush your teeth by your dentist to prevent new stains from forming.
Can poor water quality lead to black teeth in a child?
With an excessive intake of fluoride into the body, which is more often the case with its high content in water, a serious disease – fluorosis, which also manifests itself as white or dark spots on the teeth – can develop in the later stages of the disease. Permanent teeth are more often affected.
Why do black dots appear on a child’s teeth?
There are the following factors that can provoke the problem:
- negative effects of external factors or drugs on the rudiments of teeth during pregnancy;
- hereditary factor;
- deficiency of calcium, phosphorus and vitamin D in the body;
- improper nutrition, an excess of starchy foods and sweets in the child’s diet;
- night feedings;
- insufficient hygiene, the oral cavity is not cleaned properly, plaque remains on the teeth.
Why does a child have black stripes on his teeth?
Horizontal dark or black stripes on teeth can appear in children very early – at 1.5 or 2 years. A baby’s teeth can collapse almost completely. This is bottle caries. The most common cause is night bottle or breastfeeds. And with this lack of oral hygiene. The baby receives carbohydrates (from formula or from breast milk), which are very fond of carious bacteria – caries develops.
Treatment of black teeth baby
- Treatment for this problem in children may vary depending on the cause of the darkening of the teeth. We do not use old techniques and will not remove a milk tooth if there is a chance to save it. If this is caries in the later stages, then the only competent treatment is the removal of the affected tissues and filling; in case of severe destruction, the teeth are restored with special children’s crowns.
- If enamel lesions are caused by insufficient intake of minerals (calcium, fluoride), vitamin-mineral complexes and remineralizing therapy are prescribed, which will prevent tooth decay.
- With dental plaque, professional oral hygiene is carried out, the parent and the child are sure to receive recommendations for brushing teeth, hygiene, rational and balanced nutrition.
How often do children need to visit the dentist to prevent this?
It is recommended to visit a dentist prophylactically in childhood every 3 months in order to take preventive and therapeutic measures in time and prevent the pathological process from spreading. Our little patients always have positive feedback after going to the dentist. It is important to have a beautiful smile at any age, and even more so in a joyful childhood.
Children are afraid not even of the pain itself, but of the unknown – of new manipulations and their own feelings … Therefore, parents should not scare, but tell the truth about future treatment, that a dentist is a kind doctor who “counts” teeth and helps them stay beautiful and healthy … And the best thing is to bring your child to the dentist for the first time, when he still has healthy teeth.