Different Types of Air Conditioners and Which One Is Best?

Have you considered getting a new AC unit that’s completely different from the one you’re currently using? If so, you’re in luck. There are many options for HVAC consumers to pick from, with improvements made to existing varieties every year.

Air conditioner types primarily differ in how they deliver air to the inside of your home. However, there are factors to note before choosing, some of which pertain more to people with particular living arrangements, such as houses and apartments. Here are six air conditioners and their comparisons, with the first being the best.

Types of Air Conditioners

Types of Air Conditioners [General Discussion]

Smart ACs

Smart ACs can incorporate or sync to several of the air conditioner types listed below. However, they’re usually outfitted or sold entirely with central ACs. Smart ACs automate every process of an AC, allowing users to change the temperature and intensity of the air from tablets, smartphones, laptops, or any electronic piece that’s compatible with an internet connection. Other means of compatibility are WiFi, software applications, and even motion controls.

Centralized ACs

Central air conditioning features ducts that travel from a filter and through the interior of a home. Technicians install them within the drywall of homes and apartments, typically on the ceilings. The unit itself is usually built outside, either at ground level or on the roof of a building.

Centralized ACs are advantageous on many fronts. They push cool air into areas that wouldn’t receive it otherwise or demand more power to reach. New models are very energy efficient and can reduce a home’s carbon footprint by half amount gauged on older ACs.

Geothermal ACs

Geothermal ACs are the most cost and energy-efficient way to keep a home Organized and cool. Setting one up involves digging into the ground that’s either directly underneath or beside one. Water circulates through a series of connected pipes that cool once several feet below the surface, traveling behind the walls. It acts as insulation, cooling a home with up to 80-percent less energy than a standard AC unit.

Ductless AC Unit

Ductless ACs have become a popular choice for people to keep cool around the world. Compared to central AC units, they’re inexpensive to set up and involve little to no tampering with the space behind a building’s interior sheetrock panels.

Outside air is moved inside from a small fan, one that’s lightweight enough to be mounted to a wall, if needed. Inside, another panel pushes the air into a house. Ductless ACs are suited for compact homes but can work in large buildings, though more outdoor and indoor units would be necessary.

Wall-Mounted AC Unit

You may have seen wall-mounted ACs in some hotels. They tend to be housed near a bed or window since many have low connections to outdoor units. Some wall-mounted ACs are made with traditional ducted systems, even if there’s no central air flowing in a building.

Window Air Conditioner

A window AC is fitted into the confines of a single-window frame and has a radiator and fan attached to one device. There aren’t any separate indoor or outdoor pieces. These ACs are best for single-room use only. They’re incapable of reaching centralized areas in large indoor spaces.

Of the six AC units briefed, each has its advantages to the consumer. Some are better for others or specific situations. But they’ll all manage to succeed in their objective: to control the climate and allow residents to live in comfort.

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Types of Air Conditioners [From Market Point of View]

By design, all air conditioners are divided into two types: “monoblock”, consisting of one block, and “split-system” (from the English word “split” – “to divide”), consisting of several blocks. If a split system consists of three or more blocks, then it is called a “multi-split system”:

Monoblock air conditioners 

These are consisting of one unit (window, mobile and roof air conditioners). In such air conditioners, all elements are placed in a single housing, which makes it possible to simplify the design of the air conditioner and reduce its cost.

Split systems 

These are consisting of two units (wall, duct, cassette, and other types of air conditioners). The split-system air conditioner is divided into two blocks – external and internal, which are interconnected by an electric cable and copper pipes through which freon circulates. Thanks to this design, the noisiest and bulky part of the air conditioner, containing the compressor, is taken out. The indoor unit can be placed in almost any convenient place in an apartment or office.

All modern split systems are equipped with remote control with a liquid crystal display. With its help, you can set the desired temperature with an accuracy of 1 degree, set a timer to automatically turn on and off the air conditioner at a specified time, adjust the direction of the airflow, and much more.

Another advantage of split systems is a large selection of different types of indoor units. Among them, the following modifications are distinguished: wall, duct, ceiling, column, and cassette air conditioners. At the same time, household split systems are only of wall type, all other air conditioners are semi-industrial. Note that in relation to split systems, the names “air conditioner” and “split system” are synonyms, that is, you can say “channel air conditioner”, or “channel split system “, or “channel type air conditioner”.

Multi split systems

These are are a kind of split systems. Their difference is that not one, but several indoor units are connected to one outdoor unit – usually from 2 to 4-5 pieces (each indoor unit is controlled by an individual control panel). At the same time, indoor units can be not only of different power (usually from 2 to 5 kW), but also of different types. Such a constructive solution saves space on the outer wall of the building and does not spoil the appearance of the outdoor blocks so much. 

At the same time, contrary to popular belief, replacing several split systems with one multi-split system does not lead to a price gain, since the cost of equipment is about the same, and the labor intensity and cost of installation is 1.5 – 2 times higher due to longer communications. Besides, in case of failure of the external unit of the multi-split system, all internal units stop working. Therefore, multi-split systems are usually used only when it is impossible to place several outdoor units on the outer wall of the building.

Multi-split systems are usually divided into  “fixed” and  “stacked”… “Fixed” multi split systems are sold as ready-made kits, which, in addition to one outdoor unit, include a certain number of indoor units. The number or types of indoor units cannot be changed. Such systems are classified as domestic equipment and usually have 2 or 3 indoor units. In “type-setting” multi-split systems, several internal units are selected from a wide model range to one external unit, usually up to 4–5 pieces. 

In this case, only the maximum number of blocks and their total capacity are limited. Indoor units can be of different types. Such multi-split systems belong to semi-industrial equipment. If the number of indoor units exceeds 5-6, then this is an industrial multi-zone system.

Air conditioner selection

In apartments and small offices, wall-mounted split systems are most often used. This is the most versatile and relatively inexpensive type of air conditioner. For cottages, offices, and apartments over 100 m². it makes sense to consider the option of installing a duct air conditioner – this is the second most popular type of split system. Mobile air conditioners are usually purchased by tenants, or by those who are not ready to wait 2-3 weeks for the installation of a split-system during the “hot” season.

For air conditioning large areas (salesrooms, country houses, office complexes), semi-industrial split systems may be required, and in this case it is better to seek help from specialists.

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