Coffee has many beneficial effects. But excessive coffee drinking has some health hazards. That may affect our bodies in several ways. Here are some top side effects of drinking excessive coffee.
Side Effects of Drinking Excessive Coffee
Side effects on brain
Too much coffee may cause tolerance and addiction. When coffee becomes an addiction it may cause agitation, irritability, depression, loss of concentration It also causes insomnia. Excessive coffee increases anxiety (caffeine-related anxiety disorder).
Side effects on digestive system
Coffee causes the release of acetylcholine, which causes gastric acid secretion. So, coffee on an empty stomach is not recommended, which may cause peptic ulcers and increases heartburn. It also increases the chance of nausea and vomiting. It decreases gastric emptying time and increases peristalsis. So, diarrhea also can occur. As a result of increasing peristalsis, nutrients have less time to absorb, so nutrition deficiency may occur.
Side effects on cardiovascular system
Coffee has also side effects on the heart. Caffeine increases the release of nor-epinephrine, therefore increase heart rate and blood pressure.
Side effects on the skin
Coffee is a diuretic (increases urination). Excessive coffee can lead to dehydration. Dehydration causes dry skin, loss of nutrients may also affect the skin. It also decreases collagen production which is an essential component of skin, resulting in a delay in tissue repair. It may also cause acne.
Side effects in pregnancy and lactation
During pregnancy, coffee intake should be under control. Some evidence shows that it may cause growth retardation of the baby causing low birth weight, miscarriage. So, in pregnancy caffeine consumption should be <300mg/day (not more than 8 cups of coffee).
Side effects on bones and muscle
According to some research, it inhibits the absorption of Calcium. Excessive coffee may lead to osteoporosis. Post-menopausal women are at greater risk. Coffee can increase muscular strength but overdose can cause muscle break down which is unwanted especially to the bodybuilders. Excessive caffeine causes muscle twitching.
Side effects on females
Excessive intake may lead to a delay in the menstrual cycle and cause menstrual cramps. It may increase the risk of vasomotor symptoms in coffee-dependent post-menopausal women. It also may interfere in estrogen production, which is essential for female reproduction.
Coffee may exaggerate urinary problems
Caffeine is a diuretic. So, in patients with bladder problems and diabetic patients, it causes urinary incontinence.
Other side effects
According to research, it may cause gout and allergy.
How much coffee is not excessive?
400mg/day caffeine is tolerable and the chance of addiction and chance of other side effects are low. The different beverage contains different amount of caffeine. So be aware of how much caffeine you taking daily. Controlled intake of coffee has many health benefits.
What you can do if you drinking excessive coffee?
Make sure you drink too much water. Being hydrated, you can reduce some of the symptoms caused by high amounts of caffeine. Caffeine reduces the level of potassium and magnesium in the body, which can cause panic. Eating bananas and green leafy vegetables such as potassium and magnesium can also help.
You may feel much better by doing some light exercises. If you experience chest pain, difficulty breathing, confusion, vomiting, or other symptoms like irregular heartbeat, it’s time you get some medical help. Doctors use many methods to remove caffeine from your body.