Things You Should Know About Kidney Stones

Your kidneys produce urine that goes out of your body through the urethra. When your urine is oversaturated with calcium and oxalate salts, it can lead to kidney stone formation. Kidney stones, also known as renal calculi, are a condition in which deposition of salts takes place, that can result in urine obstruction and other complications. If you are diagnosed with kidney stones, you should visit an internal medicine specialist in Lahore.

Things to Know About Kidney Stones

Various sizes, shapes, and composition

Kidney stones exist in various sizes. They can be as little as specks to that of a golf ball. However, they seldom exist in that big size. But they can be of various sizes and shapes. Moreover, they have different shapes and compositions. Depending on the composition, they can be classified as;

Calcium stones

Uric acid stones

Struvite stones

Cystine stones

Not all kidney stones are alike.

Can Cause Blockage

You can not take kidney stones lightly because they can get stuck in ureters (tubes that carry urine from kidneys to urinary bladder). If they cause obstruction, urine can not flow, resulting in its backflow that can be life-threatening if not treated at the right time. Moreover, it may cause extreme pain.

Other Symptoms

Along with pain, kidney stones can cause other symptoms too. When you have renal stones, you may need to urinate again and again, and only a small volume of urine may pass out. Moreover, it may also cause your urine to red-brown, red, or pink due to the presence of blood. Burning sensation during and after peeing is also an indication of kidney stones.


Small stones can be treated with medications and increased fluid intake. Whereas large stones require a non-invasive procedure to get rid of them.

Milk does not cause Kidney Stones

People think that calcium deposition causes kidney stones. Therefore milk may exacerbate the condition. However, this is wrong. Calcium that is present in milk does not reside in your kidneys, therefore, it does not cause or exacerbates kidney stones. You can drink milk even if you have renal stones.

Uric Acid Can also Cause Kidney Stones

Too much uric acid in your body can also lead to kidney stones. Normally, your kidneys flush out excess uric acid from your body. But when they are not working properly, it can lead to uric acid accumulation, causing kidney stones. It can happen if you eat a large number of things like fish, shellfish, or meat or have gout.

Infections can also cause Kidney Stones

Not all the time, but sometimes urinary tract infections can lead to stone formation. It happens when bacteria reside in your urinary tract, it releases ammonia, which combines with a substance called struvite, hence forming a kidney stone. It can happen quite quickly, and these stones are also large in size as compared to others.

Certain Factors Increase the Risk

Men often develop kidney stones as compared to women. Moreover having a family history of kidney stones also increases the chances for you to have it. If you have had it already once, the chances of having it next time are greater. Other factors that can also increase the chances of kidney stones are;

Having recurrent urinary tract infections

Having a kidney disease



Kidney stones are a painful yet treatable condition. But if you prolong the symptoms and do not seek any medical help, it can become severely painful. If you feel pain in the back, or flank you must visit an internal medicine specialist in Karachi.

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