Pyorrhea – A Severe Dental Disease: Causes, Compilations, And Prevention

Aren’t you aware of Pyorrhea? Many people suffer from severe damage like pyorrhea due to neglect of proper dental care. So, you must have known about Pyorrhea, it is a very serious dental disease that should not be neglected at all. It is said that oral care is the mother-care against an overall unhealthy situation.

If you maintain poor oral hygiene That is a bad sign. There may be countless potential for facing dental problems such as Pyorrhea. Now, are you interested in learning more about the potential damage to teeth caused by pyorrhea?

If you are on the right point then, definitely, this article will discuss Pyorrhea in detail.

Pyorrhea – What Is It?

The definition of Pyorrhea is, “An inflammation of the gums in which the teeth become loose; chronic periodontitis.”
That word pronunciation pyorrhea is “/ˌpaɪəˈriːə/”. This term comes from a Greek word also which means discharge of pus. Pyorrhea disease has a frequency of over
538 million people in the world.

The specialty of the disease pyorrhea alveolaris is dentistry. And its highlighting symptoms are red, swollen, pain, bleeding gums, loose teeth and bad breath continuously. Complications are tooth loss and gum abscess. Bacteria-related plaque buildup is the common cause of pyorrhea.

Generally, there are certain risk factors for causing the initials for this disease. Some of the main reasons are the habit of smoking too much, diabetes. Besides, causing low immune systems by HIV/AIDS and having certain medications may raise the risks of facing Pyorrhea.

Diagnostic methods for this oral disorder are dental examination or passing X-rays.
Maintaining good oral hygiene is supposed to be a treatment policy for Pyorrhea. Moreover, regular professional cleaning or laser therapy can be a treatment process also.

Pyorrhea - A Severe Dental Disease
Pyorrhea

What Are The Types Of Pyorrhea

Pyorrhea affects the periodontal that is why it’s also called periodontitis disease. The term periodontal means the related structure surrounding and supporting the teeth.

If we describe more precisely, the periodontal is the whole thing that holds the tooth. The periodontal part is made up of gingiva, bone, and ligaments. Thus, Pyorrhea is a multifactorial dental disease by which oral gums and bones get directly damaged. According to severity, there are different types of Pyorrhea common in people.

Chronic Pyorrhea

Chronic pyorrhea is a normal initial stage of pyorrhea. At the very first stage, only gingivitis shows up if you face pyorrhea disease. It’s a common case to a huge number of people who had plaque buildup issues and then faced chronic pyorrhea once in their lifetime.

This type of Pyorrhea commonly affects adults. But children are also vulnerable to this dental issue. You may think there are only adults who may be affected by chronic type. In no way that means children are immune to pyorrhea. Children are also in danger of being prone to Chronic Pyorrhea.

Pay attention to incurable cases of pyorrhea if dental hygiene is not followed. Thus every effort at treatment may become futile for both practitioner and patient. And the consequences may result in pus continuing to sludge from the cavity.

Aggressive Pyorrhea

This type of pyorrhea is transmitted continuously from future members of the lineage to future generations. For the treatment of this type of pyorrhea, it is first checked whether any person of the lineage had pyorrhea too.

Aggressive pyorrhea can be inherited. And it is such a type that can cause aggressive harm to periodontal health. If anybody left the consequences untreated, pyorrhea will get a destructive form soon and will cause a rapid progression on bone. Which will cause bone loss, then eventually tooth loss, even tooth fracture.

Necrotizing Pyorrhea

Necrotizing pyorrhea is deadly. This phase is considered the worst type of pyorrhea. It leads to severe damage to the gum tissue supporting bones and ligaments resulting in a lack of blood supply.

The affected tooth by necrotizing pyorrhea faces tooth loss. The possible loss of the involved tooth comes with exposed bone. The exposed bone situation to the tooth loss may happen so rapidly, like in one month.

Necrotizing Pyorrhea generally affects people with poor immune systems. People during cancer treatment and suffering from HIV infections face immune deficiency and they are vulnerable to pyorrhea. Also, nutrition deficiency by poor food habits may lead to this kind of Pyorrhea disease.

Pyorrhea - A Severe Dental Disease

To speak the truth, people who come from pyorrhea are mostly due to a poor immune system. An untreated situation and continuous damage may lead the poor immune system to worsen. Thus pyorrhea can cause various types of other diseases like diabetes.

A group of considerably rare infections happens when it is Necrotizing Pyorrhea. And the infections affect the mouth with necrosis till the ulceration. Necrosis is a common feature of Pyorrhea That causes the death of tissue.

Necrotizing gingivitis, necrotizing periodontal disease and necrotizing stomatitis. These are the three major types of necrotizing pyorrhea.

  1. In which, necrotizing gingivitis is quite ulcerative and it affects only the gums’ tissue.
  2. Necrotizing periodontal disease is also an ulcerative one. In this stage, the tissues which are surrounded and attached with infected teeth face severe damage.
  3. Necrotizing stomatitis manifests as a sore face. In its final stages, the infection causes mucosal abnormalities and bone loss. In more severe cases, the infection spreads to the gums, around the teeth, and beyond the supporting tissues.

What Are The Major Signs And Symptoms Of Pyorrhea?

Pyorrhea disease is called by many other names based on various signs and symptoms. The stages and conditions make pyorrhea marked as to how severe its form is. Let’s know what the symptoms of pyorrhea are.

Symptoms Of Pyorrhea

We have discussed previously, pyorrhea progresses from gingivitis. Then it appears with periodontal fuss and then the last severe stage appears with tooth loss. Through these stages, pyorrhea starts revealing major signs and symptoms.

  • Swollen or puffy gums, multiple sites of gum necrosis and Halitosis (bad breath) are the usual signs.
  • Loss of alveolar bone, loose teeth or gums with bleeding are usual. Bleeding when flossing or brushing. Spontaneous bleeding is one of the usual signs of pyorrhea.
  • The main symptom is severe deep pain and also painful chewing. Plus, bleeding. While you chew anything, blood shows coming out with the bite of fruits like apples, guavas.
  • Tender and sensitive gums, pus coming out between the teeth and gums and low-grade fever are also common symptoms.
  • Affected gums develop pseudomembrane formation on the surface, also develop deep pockets around the affected gums and tooth
  • Gums that recede, lymph gland enlargement that makes your teeth look longer than normal are common signs.
  • The buildup of plaque or tartar on teeth, feeling foul tastes in the mouth and inflammatory response throughout the body, are highlighting symptoms of pyorrhea.

Many patients who experienced pyorrhea situations have confirmed the fact that symptoms in the early stages of Pyorrhea are often not likely to be noticeable. As soon as you are examined by the dentist, that may be the first time since you pointed them out.

What are the causes of Pyorrhea?

The first and foremost reason for causing pyorrhea is the lack of dental manners. Hygiene is the most important issue by the way. Besides this clue, pyorrhea by inheriting from ancestors or family is also a possible cause. Ever since we know the lineage, there are numerous points on causing pyorrhea.

Here we listed some common causes of pyorrhea.

Unhygienic Dental Habits

If brushing and flossing are not maintained regularly, that brings chances for bacteria to spread out in the mouth. And the rapid growth of bacteria into the mouth creates unhygienic dental conditions. Flossing is important to maintain dental hygiene. It also aids in peeling plaque buildup. The leftover rotting food in between the vacua of teeth grows bacterias. A long term bad dental habit gives birth to vital unhygienic infection disease. In a certain stage, the layer of plaque on teeth becomes tartar. Tartar leads to ultimate dental harm by resulting in Pyorrhea.

Pyorrhea is caused by insufficient dental maintenance, especially lack of hygiene. It is a natural thing that there are both good and bad bacteria in the mouth. The bacteria grows continuously if we don’t brush our teeth anyway. Thus, bacteria grow and build upon the mouth.
Without proper cleaning or brushing through the hard-to-reach places into the mouth, the following goes on.

● Bacteria multiplies during the time and forms as dental plaque.
● If the plaque remains unbrushed for a long time, existing bacterias will start depositing minerals within the plaque meanwhile as well.
● This mineral deposit (tartar) will stimulate more bacterial growth toward the tooth roots.
● The body immune system fights against the continuous growth of bacteria which leads to inflammation. And this, gums become vulnerable to serious inflammation.
● The gum to tooth-root attachment becomes disrupted over time. They take the form of periodontal cavities(gap) between the gums and root. Malicious anaerobic bacteria gradually colonise, multiply and release toxins in the periodontal pocket.
● That whole process leads to damage to the gums, teeth, supporting bones and structures. Which causes pyorrhea.

Periodontal Destructions

Periodontium is the whole dental thing including its tissues keeping teeth anchored to the gums and jawbone. When the periodontal tissue is destroyed by improper dental hygiene then it’s called pyorrhea.

Pyorrhea disease kills the periodontal tissues. But although the disease is activated by multiplied bacteria stimulation.

Gingivitis

If plaque build-ups are left untreated that may cause gingivitis. By its seriousness, gingivitis is the tiniest form or the primary form of periodontal disease. The disorder defines inflammation and irritation of the gums. Around the root of the teeth is the gums’ position. Gingivitis can be compensated with good oral maintenance and professional dental treatment. Improper treatment may cause severe pyorrhea in that situation.

Diabetes and Pyorrhea

Diabetes and pyorrhea are the worst combinations of diseases. Especially if a patient has type two diabetes, then the chances of developing Furthermore, Pyorrhea will increase due to dental issues in diabetes patients.

Smoking

Tobacco smoking emphasises a full thrust on causing pyorrhea. This bad habit of smoking defects a healthy lifestyle by developing risk factors for periodontitis.

Particular medication processes reduce the flow of saliva. In these certain phases, patients find their gums more sensitive and thus may catch pyorrhea. Genetics, Malnutrition, deficiency in vitamin C may be some other causes of developing pyorrhea.

Pyorrhea can be cured if caught in the progress at the very first stages. But that doesn’t allow anyone to ignore the seriousness of pyorrhea. Every person should consider this disease as an important health issue. Remember, if the disease reaches the level of no recovery, all efforts Will come futile. Then you will never succeed in saving some or all of your teeth.

What Are The Complications Of Pyorrhea

Ahead of highlighting the complications, we need to discuss some phases according to the consequences of pyorrhea.

Harmful bacteria take charge of those pockets. Then there happens a collision between those bacteria and the body’s immune system. As a result of the continuous fight against the infection, immunity becomes weak and the following consequences end up with gum receding. Gum receding problems enrols with bleeding experience while people do brushing and flossing. Meanwhile, they might experience some bone loss.

Moderate Periodontal Disease

If the situation gets worse then so be it to moderate periodontal disease. At this phase gum recession, bleeding, continuous pain around the teeth will be experienced. A very possible case is when people start losing bone support and ultimately teeth become loose. An inflammatory response throughout the body can be raised by this type of infection.

Advanced Periodontal Disease

Last but not the least, in the advanced stages of pyorrhea the connective tissues which hold teeth in place begin deteriorating. Supporting and surrounding tissues, gums and bones holding teeth deteriorate till destroyed. Experiencing severe pain during chewing, bad breath and a foul taste in the mouth are common sights of advanced stages. These whole consequences will go on further till you lose your teeth.

Subsequently discussing the symptoms we think it’s time to highlight among the complications of pyorrhea and here we list:

Bone Resorption

In both the gingivitis and periodontitis phase of Pyorrhea, the bacteria around the root promote bone resorption by eating the bones.

Withdrawal of The Gum

In pyorrhea, the level of the gum recedes everywhere oddly. The gums retracting with the bone also receding along with the tooth highlights an uneven level.

Inflammation (Gingivitis)

From a normal start with inflammation and then pyorrhea gets worse over time. Because of the beginning of inflammation in the gums primarily it’s known as gingivitis. The very first sign is bleeding gum when gingivitis starts. You may find uneven blood coming whenever you brush or floss your teeth.

Plaque Buildup

Plaques are pain-causing. If you notice some discolouration on your teeth from both sides or a side that is plaque.

When growing bacterias multiply and there is also food debris on your teeth, plaque buildup happens. There are both good and bad types of bacteria in our mouth and whether they act well or not they grow eventually. They rightfully become harmful when we let them grow dramatically by not brushing or flossing our teeth at all.

Here Are Ways You Can Prevent Pyorrhea

Pyorrhea seems deadly for our dental well being. But brushing, flossing and using mouthwash regularly in a proper way can prevent difficulties. Here we mention how to prevent pyorrhea.

Regular Dental Visit

We recommend you to go for a doctor’s appointment once every 6 months. This way all the early signs and symptoms of Pyorrhea can be diagnosed in early stages. Thus things will be convenient when treating them to avoid further complications.

Scaling

We all know plaques, hard tartar, and piles of minerals are the primary signs of pyorrhea. So we can have scaling treatment to remove them and stop bacteria from growing.

Root Planing

It’s a useful way to remove any subgingival bacteria from rough teeth surfaces. Root planing also smoothens the teeth. The dentist deep cleans around the mouth, that’s another medical process.

If we don’t treat the pyorrhea pre- symptoms, It will damage our oral health. Loss of the tooth, infections and severe pain can lead our life to seem like hell. By dental technological advancements, Pyorrhea can be treated in a better way. Laser treatment is such an advantage in dental technology. The Pyorrhea treatment process becomes easier to cure by root planning. Root planing treatment is handier than previous traditional invasive surgical treatment. Surgical treatment is not only problematic but also painful.

Home Remedies For Pyorrhea

Here we listed some home remedies for pyorrhea to go with the primary treatment.

Tip -01

To keep teeth healthy and cure the bleeding you can chew guava leaves. Or you may try unripe guavas instead. There is a high amount of vitamin C which works on gum problems.

Tip -02

Make a mixture of 1 cup of spinach juice with 1 cup of carrot juice. Then drink it as a remedy to prevent pyorrhea.

Tip -03

You can use unripe papaya as it is a rich source of vitamin C. It may help you to keep the teeth healthy and away from bleeding.

Tip -04

Ripe bananas have essential minerals. It prevents bleeding and treats the pain.

Tip -05

Peel an orange or lemon and then rub those peels on your gums. Just continue for 5 minutes. Do it twice a day to prevent gums from bleeding.

Tip -06

Take 2 teaspoons of grind pomegranate, 1⁄2 teaspoon of pepper and 1 teaspoon of salt to make a mixture. Apply that mixture gently on the gums. Wait until 5 minutes then wash and gargle with warm water.

Tip -07

After brushing take some mustard oil and rub it with a pinch of salt on the gum.

Tip -08

Boil cinnamon(4-5 pieces)with 2-litre water for ½ an hour. Let it cool then strain the rest of the solution. Now gargle with this solution. It’s another excellent home remedy for pyorrhea attacks.

Tip -09

Make a paste of 1 teaspoon of ghee with some camphor. Use it twice a day.

Tip -10

Find some black pepper and grind it and add some rock salt. Squeeze it on your tooth and gums as many times as you feel like using it.

Good Dental Hygiene To Prevent Pyorrhea

Whether you are 60 or 6, maintaining dental health and practising hygiene is substantial.

We already know about the severe characteristics of having gum problems like pyorrhea. People need to be extra careful otherwise, various diseases can affect at the same time. Diabetes can make the pyorrhea situation worse by making the gums more vulnerable to infection. Such impacts may affect blood sugar levels. Certain medications may reduce the flow of saliva and thus dry the mouth. So it would be a better way to avoid such complications if we maintain dental hygiene and practice throughout our lifetime.

Basic Rules To Keep Good Dental Hygiene

  • The number one rule to follow is brushing twice a day and flossing regularly.
  • Drink mineral water and try to use fluoride toothpaste.
  • Visit a dental surgeon once every six months.
  • If you wear dentures then always ensure having regular checkups.
  • Avoid too much smoking and tobacco use.
  • You have to limit drinking alcohols
  • diabetic patients should try to maintain sugar levels
  • Having a consultation with a doctor for unusual feel or ulcers in your mouth
  • use mouthwash to remove food particles left after brush and floss.
  • Changing toothbrushes after every 3 months
  • wear a mouthguard to protect your teeth during playtime.
  • Don’t chew sugar-coated gum
  • If there is a grinding habit during sleep, use a night guard
  • Rub your tongue every time while brushing, but be gentle.
  • Have fresh fruits and vegetables
  • Try avoiding sugary and acidic foods

Good dental hygiene is valuable as the opposite situations can affect overall health. Regular maintenance can assure dental well-being. Thus we will be able to prevent tooth loss and fight against major oral diseases at an early stage.

Frequently Asked Questions

How is pyorrhea spread?

Pyorrhea doesn’t spread. Pyorrhea is caused by bacterial infections and plaque or hard tartar. And this happens when you do not properly brush your teeth.

Which toothpaste is best for pyorrhea?

According to medical instructions, fluoride toothpaste is recommended as the best toothpaste for pyorrhea treatment.

How much does tartar removal cost?

For the process of tartar removal, you should go for deep cleaning. Generally, per session of deep cleaning may cost an average of $117 to $335. Cost may vary.

How much does tooth scaling cost?

Tooth scaling is somewhat a bit costly. It cost nearly an average of $200- $250 per session for tooth scaling.

Can I use mouthwash every day?

Of course, you can use it on a regular basis. By the way, brushing should be twice a day and flossing every time after brushing or having meals. Like flossing mouthwash also can be used every time for a refreshing breath.

Conclusions

Pyorrhea is something that occurs as a chronic inflammatory disease at a certain stage. It can be a fussy bacterial infection. Such an infection ultimately destroys teeth, gums and bones at the same time. The associated bacteria and inflammatory byproducts will also enter the untreated patient’s bloodstream. Then link up with many other diseases including heart disease, strokes and diabetes.

So, if not properly treated this dental problem may cause deadly damage to human health. In this article, we tried to gather all potential information that you can use for your further concern. Be careful and protect your dental health from this deadly disease

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