The knee’s anatomy is complex, and it also represents the largest joint in the body in terms of the cartilage surface.
Knee pain can occur due to trauma, human growth, and age-related wear and tear. Whether joint or inflammatory, you should take pain seriously and consult an interventional pain specialist in Houston.
Do you think you have joint pain in your knee and wonder if it’s time to go for a consultation? Your doctor will enlighten you on the symptoms of knee pain, its causes, and its treatment before indicating the signs that should alert you and encourage you to make an appointment for a precise diagnosis.
What is Knee Joint Pain?
The role of the knee is to stabilize our leg and absorb shocks. Mobile and robust, it connects the following bones: tibia, femur, and kneecap. It can perform three types of movement to move: flexion-extension, adduction-abduction, and internal-external rotation. Knee extensions are done using the quadriceps and, conversely, flexion is done with the hamstrings. Tendons attach the tissues to the bones, and the ligaments are responsible for attaching the bones together. There are four ligaments:
- The internal collateral ligament;
- The outer collateral ligament;
- The anterior cruciate ligament;
- The posterior cruciate ligament.
The balance between the bones is due to the presence of cartilage.
If one of the structures that make up the knee is affected, then the mobility or stability of the knee is affected.
Knee pain, also called nostalgia, can present as a variety of symptoms:
- Pain at rest or inaction. We then say that the pain is mechanical and is amplified by the movements. This symptom corresponds to joint pain.
- Redness and swelling. This type of pain corresponds to several inflammatory conditions, for example, rheumatoid arthritis, viral or septic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, etc.
Knee Pain: When to See Your Doctor?
Knee joint pain is a source of daily disability. No need to leave your knee in pain; your general practitioner can help you.
Overall, it becomes imperative to consult a specialist when:
- Your knee gives way and no longer supports the weight of your body;
- You have difficulty walking;
- Your knee is red and swollen;
- Pain is still present after 72 hours;
- Your knee has suffered a shock, and the pain (or the way it looks) does not improve within a few days.
Based on your symptoms, the specialist will guide you through his diagnosis. He will check your knee to see if the pain is mechanical or inflammatory and any instability or blockage is present. This clinical examination may be accompanied by an X-ray, a bone scan, or an MRI.