Igbo foods are the variety of foods from Igbo people. Igbo group from the southeastern region of Nigeria.

Ibo or Ibo is known as Igbo people living in the southeastern region of Nigeria and is a fascinating group with various traditions and customs. With approximately 40 million across Nigeria, Ibo is among the largest and most influential tribes.

The main ingredient the Igbo food is soups. The most popular soups include Oha, Onugbu Egwusi, and Nsala (White chili soup). Yam is a popular food item for the Igbos and is consumed either cooked or mashed in soups.

History of Igbo foods

The Igbo people are descendants of Eri, the god of God who is believed to have, according to Igbo folklore, come down from heaven to start the process of establishing civilization.

Another version of the story posits Eri being one of Gad’s descendants of Gad (as mentioned in the chapter from Genesis from the Bible) who traveled to the bottom of the earth to create Igboland.

Then, in Nigeria, Igbos reside in an area known as Igboland that is split into two sections by the bottom of River Niger. They reside in the majority of the States: Abia, Anambra, Ebonyi, Enugu, and Imo, and smaller parts in Delta, Rivers, and Benue states. Small Igbo communities also exist in areas of Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea.

In the wake of the slave trade across the Atlantic, Igbos have been displaced to various nations, including Jamaica, Cuba, Barbados, Belize, the United States, and other countries.

A few elements of Igbo culture can be found in Jamaican patois; for instance, Igbo words like the Igbo expression ‘ unit which means ‘you’ is still in use, while ‘ red Ibo or Red above is a reference to the black people with fair skin (a lighter complexion is prevalent for Igbos).

A region part of Belize City has been named Eboe Town after its Igbo-descended residents. Since the end of the 20th century, many Nigerian immigrants have migrated to America. It’s one of the United States, and many of these include Igbos. According to estimates, over 2000,000 Igbos reside across America. The United States.

Indigenous culture and traditions of Igbos


Igbos have a unique political system. Igbo political system is different from the West African neighbors. Apart from a few significant Igbo communities that are ruled by an Obi (king) status, Igbos have a traditional republican form of government.

This is a consultative body of the people, which ensures equality for citizens. This is a change from the typical model of government, with the king in charge of the people. Although some titles holders are admired for their accomplishments, they are not revered as kings.

The historical findings

Several Igbo artifacts were discovered by Thurstan Shaw between 1959 and 1964 in archaeological sites in Igbo-Ukwu. They include more than 700 fine artifacts made of copper, bronze, iron and glass, stone beads, and ivory.

Igbo bronze artifacts have been among the oldest in West Africa. Five bronze artifacts from the dig are currently being displayed in the British Museum.


In the past, Igbos were mostly farmers, traders, craftsmen, and farmers. Evidence of crafts and metalwork were discovered in archeological finds. Some of the materials used by artisans were believed to have originated from Egypt, which provides evidence for trade in the Sahara far before Europeans arrived in Africa.

Igbo cuisine

The Igbo people’s most significant crop is the yam, and this is the main basis for this New Yam Festival (Iri Ji) to celebrate the new yams’ harvest. It is an important element of traditional food and is prepared using crushed yams, served alongside various soups, or consumed immediately after having been boiling.

Igbos are famous for their various soups made with locally grown fruits, vegetables, and seeds. The most well-known Igbo soups are oha Nsala, akwu, Okazi, and Owerri.

The top 8 most traditional and tasty Igbo foods

Ukwa (African breadfruit)

Ukwa is a popular food item in the eastern part of Nigeria. Ukwa is found in the legume section because both seeds appear to like each other while the official name for the species is Treculia Africana.

Ukwa is among the most expensive and delicious of all Nigerian foods item. It can be cooked, consumed in its pure white form, or roasted and served with palm kernels or coconut and served as porridge.

Jollof rice with wild meat

Jollof rice is not a rare thing in Igbo people. However, it is a typical Nigerian custom. The majority of recipes are cooked in the same manner. However, the addition of ingredients such as fish or meat can alter food taste. The most delicious meat comes from the wild for most Igbo people, which is why they favor wild meat over any other animal.

Rabbits, grasshoppers, deer, and squirrels are all instances of wild animals. Instead of wild meat, jollof rice is a food that can be prepared and eaten as goat’s flesh. Whatever you decide to eat, the flavor is always delicious.

There are numerous benefits of eating this particular type of food. The rice used to make the food is rich in B vitamins and folic acid, magnesium, and iron, in addition to other nutrients.

Vitamin B-12, protein zinc, vitamin E sodium, and potassium are all vital minerals and vitamins found in animals. These nutrients both play an important part in various bodily activities.

Check Out: Sodium in Banana



Okpa, sometimes called king’s dinner or lion’s feast, is a very popular Igbo dish from Eastern Nigeria originating from Enugu. Okpa is made from Bambara flour, derived from the Bambara nuts. Okpa is easy to make as only a few ingredients are required, and it only takes 45-50 time to make.

Okpa, which is covered in banana leaves, or white nylon bags, can be purchased anyplace in Enugu since vendors sell them at all parks and joints within the state. Okpa is best consumed by drinking. Coke or Pap, soaked Garri or tea.

Bitter Vegetable Soup

The soup is referred to as Nigerian Bitter Leaf Soup, or Ofe Onugbu (as it is popular by those who belong to the Igbo people) because the leaves used for the soup are referred to in the context as “bitter leaves.” However, these leaves aren’t bitter as they are used to create various healthy and delicious foods in Nigeria.

Bitter broth of vegetables is a soup made of vegetables that are also a popular choice among those who are Igbo people. Fish, meat, bitter leaf seafood, salt crabs, pepper Ogiri and various other ingredients are used to make this sauce.


If you are a fan of wild meat, then Nkwobi could be a tasty food option for you. It’s a combination consisting of wild meat nuts, onions, and potash which provide flavor. The wild meat used by Nkwobi is derived in any form from an animal. The most well-known selections are squirrels, rabbits, lawn mowers, deer, and squirrels.

It is made with beef, which is a great source of various nutrients. It is also extremely healthy. Since a healthy diet can be enhanced with the addition of supplements, you are likely to reap a few advantages from this diet. These are the traditional food items of the Igbo people. The preparation process for the food is generally straightforward, and their health is extremely good.


Achicha is a popular dish that is native to the Igbo region in Nigeria, particularly in the Enugu state. It is made up of cocoyam that has been dried, Mgbumgbu (pigeon peas), and palm oil is usually consumed during the dry season when fresh vegetables are difficult to find.

The cocoyams that are dried and mgbmgbu are steam-cooked until they are tender. The two are thoroughly mixed with a sauce made of palm kernel oil Ugba seeds, onion, freshly ground pepper, and salt.

Ofe Owerri

Have you ever heard the expression “Better soup, not cash kill”? Then, Of Owerri is the soup and the purpose of this is to inform you of how costly it is. One of the amazing aspects of This soup is the fact that it informs you a lot about its name.

Ofe Owerri Ofe Owerri, which signifies the Owerri soup is exclusive to the residents of Owerri, the capital of Imo state.

The main ingredient in this soup is the leaves that are used in Ugu and Okazie However; there are some who include Uziza as well as Oha in their soups. Another main component is the thickening agent, with variations like Ede (cocoyam), Ofo, and Achi.


Abacha is, also known as African salad, is a typical Enugu Igbo food from the eastern part of Nigeria Abacha that originated in Enugu is made of cassava. Abacha is eaten as an appetizer as well as the main meal and is usually served to welcome guests prior to serving guests with food items for the meal.

Abacha may be cooked in many ways, based on the locality you go to or the home you have visited. It is impossible to have a celebration at Enugu without Abacha on the menu. Abacha is prepared in many different ways and is served best by drinking fresh palm wines.

Five Igbo soups with nutrition

Igbo residents have the most popular soups with nutritional and health benefits across the country.

Here is a list of popular Igbo soups

Ofe Ogbono

This is the seed of the African wild mango tree which is known botanically as Irvingia gabonensis.

Ogbono soup, also known as Ogbono according to what it’s referred to according to by people who are Igbos from Nigeria, is a tasty soup that is like Okro soup due to its viscosity.

The soup is made from either ugu, spinach, or bitter leaves.

The benefits of being healthy include controlling blood sugar and lowering body cholesterol.

Ofe Oha

Oha Soup which is often known as Ofe Oha in those from the southeast people is an extremely delicious and cheapest Nigerian soup.

It’s not exactly a must-have type of soup due to the fact that the primary component, the Oha leaf, is a seasonally available one.

Traditionally, leaves are cut by hand, never with a knife or other sharp objects, because if the leaves are chopped using a knife, the soup may end up becoming bitter.

Oha soup aids digestion, and the fiber content in it assists in enhancing digestion..

Ofe Onugbu

Ofe Onugbu, sometimes referred to by the name bitter leaf soup. It is a well-loved Nigerian soup that is unique to the Igbo tribe.

A few non-Igbos avoid bitter leaf soup due to the notion that it is the soup is true to its name. it’s a bitter soup.

Some of the health benefits of this Igbo soup include a reduction in blood pressure, as well as a powerful antioxidant, and improved fertility.

Ofe Nsala

Also called white soup, it is a mouth-watering delight specific to the Igbo tribe from Nigeria and especially the people who hail from Anambra State.

It’s a delicious fresh fish soup that is typically made from catfish.

Ofe Nsala is called white soup since palm oil is not used for its preparation, as opposed to other soups that are traditional.

It is believed that the presence of Omega 3 and Omega 6 fats in the soup can aid in battling anxiety and depression. It also enhances the brain’s function, and vision improves heart function and also nourishes the skin.

Nsala soup is abundant in protein, carbohydrate, fiber, iron, calcium, vital minerals, and vitamins.

Ofe Akwu

Ofe Akwu is one of the most well-known soups in the South East. It is a very nutritious soup that is made of the juice of palm nuts.

Akwu is one of two varieties. The one that is located in South East is usually served with rice boiled, and South-South is served with boiled rice. South variant is typically served with other types of swallows or starch.

The soup is beneficial for strengthening bones and preventing heart disease. Vitamin K, an antioxidant found in the juice of the palm kernel, can prevent cancer.

Final thought

Igbo food culture isn’t limited to these dishes; however, they are the dishes that have made Igbo food well-known. Igbos know how to master cooking and dressing.

Therefore If you’re looking to discover new and exciting flavors, visit Igboland. Traditional dishes that are healthy and indigenous cultures can create the perfect setting for eating.

What are your favorite Igbo food items? Please leave an email to let us know your thoughts on Igbo food. I’d be delighted to include the Hausa Language name for each food you have mentioned in your comment.