Learn How to Identify A Sleep Disorder

We all know the importance of having a good sleep. Especially those who are facing issues like a sleep disorder. Our body needs to rest and regenerate tissues to perform the next day. It is essential for our health. Sometimes, the problem comes from our mind, due to problems in our day-to-day life or because of our own brain conditions. It can also come from nervousness in our bodies.

Article published in collaboration with doctoranytime.

It is essential to know how to identify these sleep disorders in order to intervene in them and improve our life. Sleep disorder is a disturbance during our usual sleep time that results in exhaustion the next day and prevents us from performing and being fully happy. It can affect many areas of our daily lives, such as work performance, dealing with family, or vital energy. 

If you feel irregular sleep, tiredness, irritability, intrusive thoughts during the night, excessive energy during the night, or lack of energy during the day, you should be concerned about the issue and see a health professional. 

What are the types of sleep disorders?

This problem can present itself in different ways and its causes are also very varied. Sometimes, they may start due to some traumatic experience or loss, while in other cases, it may be due to some illness. Therefore, it is important to find out the type and sleep disorder you are facing.

There are several types and classifications of sleep disorders. Some of them are insomnia, hypersomnia, breathing disorders, parasomnias, movement disorders. Within these classifications, there are other subclassifications with their own characteristics. 

Hypersomnia. Hypersomnia, which is often accompanied by other conditions, is characterized by an excessive state of daytime sleepiness, often preventing normal day-to-day activities. The most common type is narcolepsy, which is a subdivision of primary hypersomnia. 

Insomnia. This refers to difficulty falling asleep, maintaining sleep throughout the night, and waking up at the scheduled time. The individual may have insomnia due to expectations, emotional and physical problems and may become a chronic condition, causing long-term problems. 

How to Identify A Sleep Disorder
How to Identify A Sleep Disorder

Sleep Disorders of Breathing

Sleep apnea: this condition is characterized by breathing pauses lasting a few seconds during sleep due to a blockage in the throat. These pauses last about 15-20 seconds and, in the most severe cases, may last for long periods and numerous repetitions during sleep. Associated with sleep apnea are arterial disease and hypertension, among others. 

Snoring: Snoring is defined as a sound during sleep and usually occurs due to muscle looseness in the throat area, which causes vibrations and thus the sound. Snoring is also often associated with other health problems. 


This disorder is described as a stage between sleep and awakening and presents unique characteristics such as talking while asleep, nightmares, as well as rapid eye movement and sleepwalking, which is when the individual performs activities while asleep, such as walking, eating, talking, among others. 

This problem can be solved with the help of different specialists


Insomnia is a disorder of falling asleep and maintaining sleep. Insomnia is the most common sleep disorder and, at the same time, one of the most common reasons for seeking medical attention. Disturbed falling asleep, interrupted sleep or waking up too early are considered manifestations of the disease only in those cases when they bother the patient, since some people may consider even a three-hour night’s sleep to be their norm. In most cases, psychological factors are the cause of insomnia. 

Insomnia treatment consists of improved sleep hygiene and a short course of drug therapy. Alcohol, nicotine and caffeine are contraindicated. Eliminate emotional disorders, treat diseases accompanied by shortness of breath, pain, dysfunction of the bladder and gastrointestinal tract. The bedroom should be quiet and dark and should only be used for sleeping. If you cannot fall asleep within 15 minutes, you need to move to another room and read until you feel like sleeping again. 


Watching TV is not recommended as the bright screen and TV shows are exciting. In the morning, you should get up at the same time, regardless of how much sleep you manage. Restriction of sleep is also used; with this technique, they are allowed to stay in bed no longer than sleep usually takes. The duration of sleep gradually increases,

Sleeping pills are prescribed in minimal doses and are allowed to be taken not every day, but, for example, 3-4 times a week. Sleeping pills are canceled gradually. The elderly are given half the usual dose. Barbiturates (phenobarbital) are currently not used, since with prolonged use they further disturb sleep, cause daytime sleepiness, and stopping them from taking them leads to withdrawal syndrome. 

Tryptophan has a slightly hypnotic effect, so it is better to prefer a cup of warm milk to all drinks before bed. For severe insomnia, tricyclic antidepressants, such as amitriptyline, are used, but they also cause daytime sleepiness.

Benzodiazepines – triazolam, temazepam, lorazepam and diazepam – can also be used for insomnia, but it is best to use them no more than 3-4 times a week, as they cause daytime sleepiness, coordination disorders and sometimes depression.

Now for insomnia, zopiclone is most widely used (Imovan, Somnol). It is taken 40 minutes before going to bed, you can start with small doses (3.75 mg), if they do not help, then you should take the whole tablet – 7.5 mg.

Sleep apnea

Periodic cessation of breathing during sleep is accompanied by a drop in blood oxygen levels and awakenings. With 15 or more episodes of apnea per hour, there are complaints of restless intermittent sleep, asthma attacks during sleep, daytime sleepiness, headache in the morning, irritability.

 Most commonly, sleep apnea is accompanied by snoring, anxiety during sleep, daytime sleepiness, decreased mental performance, personality changes, morning headaches, and sleep disorders. Numerous neurological diseases, primarily those affecting the brain stem, can be the cause. There are two main types of sleep apnea – central and obstructive. 

The most common type of sleep apnea, obstructive sleep apnea, is characterized by periodic obstruction (obstruction) of the upper airways. In this case, the diaphragm and chest continue to make respiratory movements. Obstructive sleep apnea is most often caused by a collapse of the upper airways. Patients are often unaware that they are suffering from sleep apnea, so relatives should be asked to confirm the diagnosis.

Sleep apnea

Sleep apnea is more common in obese men who smoke and abuse alcohol. They usually complain of daytime sleepiness, headache and dry mouth in the morning, changes in character (primarily irritability) and decreased mental performance. In mild cases, obstructive sleep apnea stops with weight loss, smoking cessation, and alcohol consumption. 

In more severe cases, breathing under constant positive pressure through a mask is indicated. At the same time, constant positive pressure maintains airway patency. Since sleep apnea increases the risk of hypertension, stroke, heart failure, treatment is mandatory in all cases.

Causes of the disease

  • Unsuitable environment for sleeping
  • Neurosis, depression and other diseases of this kind
  • Diseases that lead to physical discomfort – accompanied by itching, pain
  • Anxiety, stressful condition
  • Change in the rhythm of wakefulness and rest
  • Heredity
  • Age changes
  • Improper diet, eating too late
  • Taking invigorating substances in the evening

Diagnosis of the disorder

To determine this disease, a special comprehensive technique for examining the state of the body during sleep is used – polysomnography. It allows you to determine the presence, duration and quality of stages of rest.

Sleep disorder: treatment

In case of stress, sleep disorders in adults can be treated with the help of folk remedies – tea with motherwort, mint, valerian and other plants.

If after a month the condition does not improve, it is necessary to consult a doctor for medication and other qualified help – its type depends on each specific case.


To avoid the appearance of such a malaise, you must:

  • Stick to a specific daily routine
  • Create comfortable conditions for falling asleep
  • Do not eat at night or drink invigorating drinks in the evening
  • If symptoms of illness appear, consult a doctor

Advantages of the procedure in MEDSI

  • The Medsi Sleep Center at the CDC on Krasnaya Presnya uses innovative techniques for the treatment of insomnia: encephalophony, inhalations, “Music of the Brain” and others

We hope now you have got a clear idea of sleep disorders.

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