Endometriosis: Diagnosis and Treatment

Endometriosis is one of the most severe conditions affecting women across the world. It causes the endometrial tissue, which lines the inside of the uterus, to grow outside. It causes severe pelvic pain and an irregular menstrual cycle. You can have it treated by visiting an endometriosis specialist in Midtown West. Endometriosis can last for several months, and it commonly affects women between the age of 18 and 35. A family history of endometriosis can increase your likelihood of developing the condition.

Diagnosis

Just like when diagnosing other conditions that can cause pelvic pain, your doctor will ask you to describe your symptoms, including the specific location of your pain and when it occurs to diagnose endometriosis. They can also conduct some tests to check for physical signs of endometriosis. They include:

  • Pelvic Exam- During a pelvic exam, the doctor will manually fill parts in your pelvis for any abnormalities like cysts growing on your reproductive organs or scars behind the uterus. In most cases, you cannot feel small areas of endometriosis unless they cause the growth of a cyst.
  • Ultrasound- An ultrasound test involves using high-frequency sound waves to create images of your inner body. To generate the images, your doctor will use a transducer inserted into your vaginal cavity or pressed against your abdomen to better view your internal reproductive organs. The conventional ultrasound imaging test cannot conclusively diagnose endometriosis, but it can help identify cysts associated with the condition.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging- Also known as an MRI, this test uses radio waves and a magnetic field to generate detailed images of tissues and organs inside your body. It can help with surgical planning to help your surgeon learn more about the size and location of your endometrial implants.
  • Laparoscopy- When you visit an endometriosis specialist, they can conduct this procedure to get a better view of the inside of your abdomen. It can help them learn about the size and severity of endometrial implants. You can also extract a sample tissue for further testing. 

Treatment

You can treat endometriosis using surgery or medication. The mode of treatment varies depending on the severity of your signs and symptoms and whether you want to become pregnant. The doctor will recommend conservative treatment options in most cases and only opt. for surgery if other options fail. They can advise you to take over-the-counter pain medications to reduce the pain caused by menstrual cramps. If you are not actively trying to become pregnant, they may recommend a combination of hormone therapy and pain relievers.

Supplemental hormones can help eliminate or reduce the pain caused by endometriosis. It can also slow down the development of the endometrial tissue and prevent new implants from growing. If you are trying to become pregnant, you may have to go for surgery to get rid of the endometriosis implants without damaging the ovaries and uterus. You may also need fertility treatment if you have difficulty getting pregnant.

To summarise, endometriosis mainly affects women between the age of 18 and 35. 
A doctor can diagnose by conducting a pelvic exam, ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging, or a laparoscopy. 
You can treat it through conservative surgeries, hormone therapy, and pain medication.

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